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CRAAP Information

This guide will walk you through the C.R.A.A.P. test to help you discover whether or not the information you are looking at is "good" or not.


Currency - the timeliness of information

When was the information published or posted? Has the information been revised or updated? Is the information current or out of date? Are the links functional?

Relevance - the importance of the information for your needs

Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question? Who is the intended audience? Is the information at an appropriate level? Have you looked at a variety of sources?

Authority - the source of the information

Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor? Are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given and what are they? What are the author's qualifications?

Accuracy - the reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content

Where does the information come from? Is it supported by evidence? Has it been reviewed? Can you verify any of the information in another source? Does the language seem unbiased?

Purpose - the reason the information exists

What is the purpose of the information? Do the author's sponsors make their intentions clear? Is this information fact/opinion/propaganda? Is it objective, impartial and unbiased?