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Social Policy and Politics - HMNS 207 - Gutshall-Seidman

APA Format for Common Sources

Note: You must use a hanging indent if the reference entry goes onto a 2nd line or more. Examples below do not show the hanging indent but this is an APA requirement. To see how to format a hanging indent, watch this video. 

Article with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 


Author Last Name, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pages.


Ward, T. & Birgden, A. (2007). Human rights and correctional clinical practice. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 12, 628-643.

In-text Citation: Ward & Birgden (2007) deal with the question of offenders' human rights.

Article without Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 


Author Last Name, A. A. (Year, and month only if there's no volume #). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pages. URL


Browne-Krimsley, V. (2004). Lessons learned: Providing culturally competent care in a nurse-managed center. ABNF Journal 15(4), 71-74.

In-text Citation: In this case study, nursing students were given the opportunity to work within the cultural and economic framework of a particular community (Browne-Krimsley, 2004).

** If the article is retrieved from a library database, do not include the database name or the URL. Simply stop after the page numbers. **


Information from a Website


Author Last Name, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Website name. http://Web address


Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderland, L., & Brizee, A. (2010, May 5). General format. Purdue OWL.

In-text Citation: Angeli, et. al (2010) 

Please note:

List as much of the information as possible (you sometimes have to hunt around to find the information; don't be lazy. If there is a page like, and somepage.htm doesn't have the information you're looking for, move up the URL to

The "author" of information on a government website is often a department or agency. For example, the author of information on the Affordable Health Care Act, like that on‚Äč, is U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.

When an Internet document is more than one Web page, provide a URL that links to the home page or entry page for the document. Also, if there isn't a date available for the document use (n.d.) for no date.

(Information above is from

Public Laws, Policies, Statutes, Regulations

Format depends on the type of policy, law or regulation you are citing. Try to determine how the policy is officially named by examining the document's first page or seeing what it is titled by websites that link to it.

For in-text citations, include the popular or official name and the year. For case law in-text citations, italicize the name.


Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)

CFR is issued every year. Be sure to include which year you're citing.


Regulation Name, Title [number] Code of Federal Regulations, Pt. [number] (publication date).


Rules and Regulations Governing Smithsonian Institution Buildings and Grounds, Title 36 Code of Federal Regulations, Pt. 504 (2012).


U.S. Code


Regulation Name, Title [number] U.S. Code, Sec. [number] (publication date).


Dairy Product Price Support Program, Title 7 U.S. Code, Sec. 8771 et seq. (2006 & Supp. III, 2009).

"et seq." means the act covers not only the initial section, but others following it. "Supp." tells you additional material like amendments and their references are included in a later supplementary publication. 


Public Laws


Regulation Name, Pub. Law No. [number], Sec. [number], [volume number] Stat. [page number] (publication date).


Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Pub. Law No. 101-336, Sec. 2, 104 Stat. 328 (1991).

The Public Law Number (Pub. Law No.) refers to the 336th public law enacted by the 101st Congress. Stat. refers to United States Statutes at Large, the official compilation of uncodified laws. This example is published in volume 104 on page 328. (Stat. information may not be available).


Federal Bills and Resolutions


Name, H.R. [for House or Representatives] or S. [for Senate] bill or resolution number, [number] Congress (year). 


Recognizing the duty of the Federal Government to create a Green New Deal. H.R. 109, 116th Congress (2019).


Case Law


Name v. Name, Volume Source Page (court date).


Jacobson v. Massachusetts, 197 U.S. 11 (1905).

This example is from volume 197, page 11 of United States Reports, the official publication of U.S. Supreme Court reports.