Plagiarism may be intentional or unintentional and can happen in many different ways, including:
- Turning in someone else's completed work as if it was your own. This includes assignments/papers you hand in that were completed/written by a classmate, friend, or family member
- Copying significant portions of a single text without using quotations and providing a citation
- Changing select words or phrases but keeping the essential structure and essence of a passage
- Using false or inaccurate citations
- Using images, audio, or video for any purpose without giving credit to the original creator
- Using statistics without citing the original source
- Buying a paper online or written by someone else
Raritan Valley Community College requires independent, honest work on the part of its students,
and students are expected to conduct themselves with scholarly integrity. Each confirmed incident
of academic dishonesty, cheating or plagiarism must be reported by the faculty member, in writing,
to the Dean of Academic Affairs. Violations of academic dishonesty and cheating include, but are
not limited to:
- Copying graded homework assignments from another student.
- Working together on an assignment without being authorized by the faculty member to do so.
- Looking at another student’s paper during an exam.
- Copying another student’s computer program or class project and submitting it as one’s own.
- Stealing or borrowing all or part of an exam’s questions or answers.
- Entering a computer file without authorization.
- Giving someone answers to exam question while the exam is being given.
- Giving or selling a term paper, report, drawing, or computer program to another student for submission to the faculty member.
- Deceiving a faculty member to improve one’s grade.
- Falsifying data or a source of information.
- Use of any technology to gain access to test answers, test questions or prohibited materials such as notes, online databases and websites during a test.
- Submitting work for a grade that was executed in another class or previous semester without the instructor’s permission.
Examples of plagiarism include, but are not limited to:
- Copying answers from a textbook to submit for a grade.
- Quoting text or other works without citation when requested by the faculty member to present one’s own work.
- Submitting a paper or essay obtained from a term paper service or taken from the Internet.
- Submitting a paper or report written by another student, a spouse, or a colleague as one’s own.
- Submitting another student’s project, essay, research paper, or computer program as one’s own.
- Submitting a paper wholly or in substantial part using the exact phrasing of source material.
- Submitting a paper closely paraphrased from source material, where the original source material is simply edited with perhaps minor word changes occurring.
- Submitting a paper closely paraphrased from source material, splicing together sentences from scattered segments of the original.
Click here for the full Code of Student Conduct.
As part of the Plagiarism Spectrum project, a May 2012 survey of nearly 900 secondary and higher education instructors was also conducted to assess the frequency with which these types appear as well as the degree to which each type is problematic for instructors.
Each of the 10 most common types of plagiarism are defined below. The types are ranked in order of severity of intent.
Above information originally from Plagiarism.org http://www.plagiarism.org/plagiarism-101/types-of-plagiarism/
MLA Citation format for websites:
Here's the citation for the Robert Frost page at AmericanPoems.com
The Academic American Encyclopedia. "Biography of Robert Frost." AmericanPoems...your poetry site. Gunnar Bengtsson. 2000. Web. 17 September 2013.
APA Citation format for websites:
Author Last Name, A.A. (Year, Month Date of last update). Title of website or article. Retrieved Month Date, Year, from URL.
**Notes: If no date is available, use n.d.
If no author is available put the title of the article in the author position
Only include retrieval date if information is likely to change often (i.e. wikis)
Here's the citation for the Type 2 Diabetes Guide on WebMD
Type 2 Diabetes (n.d.). WebMD. Retrieved from http://diabetes.webmd.com/guide/diabetes_symptoms_types.
This list originally from Plagiarism.org http://www.plagiarism.org/plagiarism-101/glossary/
Video game in which a college student’s plagiarism could cause the end of the world. Game play gives players decisions to commit or avoid plagiarism (Requires Adobe Shockwave).
Goblin Threat Plagiarism Game
(Snowden Library, Lycoming College)
Interactive game in which the player has to catch goblins and answer questions about plagiarism to eliminate all of the goblins.
(Z. Smith Reynolds Library)
A 10 question quiz asking students to identify if a source is quoted/paraphrased and cited correctly. Requires a bit of reading, but a good, challenging exercise.
36 of the 73 national news stories written by him for theNew York Times included plagiarized quotes or were made up.
Forced to resign from the New York Times. The executive editor and managing editor also resigned shortly after Blair.
An Ohio University student was charged with plagiarizing a paper because she didn’t cite or paraphrase correctly.
Expelled from the University of Virginia’s Semester at Sea program. She was forced to disembark early and go home.
27 of the 41 stories he wrote for The New Republiccontained fabricated information. Some stories, like “Hack Heaven,” were completely made up.
Forced to resign from The New Republic.
Her novel, How Opal Mehta Got Kissed, Got Wild, and Got a Life, had too many similarities to novels by Megan McCafferty, Salman Rushdie, Sophie Kinsella, Meg Cabot, and Tanuja Desai Hidier.
Her book was pulled from publication after the plagiarism was discovered. Her book and movie deals were dropped. Because the novel was not part of her academic work, Harvard took no action against the sophomore.
Fabricated parts of her story for the Washington Post that was nominated for and won the Pulitzer prize
Resigned and returned her Pulitzer Prize
Timothy S. Goeglein
Former White House aide, 20 of the 38 stories he wrote for the News-Sentinel (Indiana), copied text from other sources without citing them.
Resigned from White House. News-Sentinel editor stated they won't publish his articles in the future.
In two of her books, she borrowed plot points as well as passages from Nora Robert's novels.
Both novels were pulled from print and she paid a settlement to Nora Roberts.
Mendez, Mayita. “Jayson Blair.” (image). The making of Jayson Blair. Available from: The Baltimore Sun. <http://www.baltimoresun.com/entertainment/movies/bal-as.blair23,0,4086491.story> (accessed 8 June 2009).
Wink, Jonathon. “Stephen Glass.” (image). Stephen Glass' former colleagues say journalist's deception should have been obvious. Available from: The Post Gazette. <http://www.post-gazette.com/movies/20031122glass1122fnp4.asp> (accessed 8 June 2009).
Ryan, David L. “Kaavya Viswanathan.” (image). Student novelist’s book to be recalled. Available from: The Boston Globe. <http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2006/04/28/student_novelists_book_to_be_recalled/> (accessed 8 June 2009).
Janet Cooke (image). Free Speech. Available from: The Online News Hour. <http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bradlee/background_cooke.html> (accessed 8 June 2009).
Timothy S. Goeglein (image). Gone. Available from: Silver in SF. <http://silverinsf.blogspot.com/2008/02/gone_29.html> (accessed 8 June 2009)
Janet Dailey (image). Authors: Janet Dailey. Available from: Simon & Schuster. <http://authors.simonandschuster.com/Janet-Dailey/1077650> (accessed 8 June 2009).
This chart created by The Library, UC San Diego. http://libraries.ucsd.edu/locations/sshl/guides/preventing-plagiarism/real-world-examples.html
Instructional Services Librarian
Tel: ext. 8412